How to Make Electricity With Water
This page of how site will show you three methods of how to make electricity with water. These methods work very well, and they produce good amounts of electricity. It is an exciting experiment for young and old.
Here are the three methods.
The second way we use water to create electricity is by the changing of tides. Tidal power plants are producing electricity for their nearby consumers in France, Canada, Japan and many other countries. Tidal power plants work on the power of changing tides. The first step in the construction of a tidal power plant is in finding a bay with a large difference between it's low and high tides. Engineers then design a dam to put across the outer end of the bay. When high tide comes to the area, huge quantities of water come rushing into the bay.
The gates in the dam will shut when the water level has reached it's maximum height. At low tide, the water in the bay is trapped higher than the ocean water. Holes in the bottom of the dam let the water rush past turbines and then back into the ocean. When the next high tide comes around, the whole process begins over again.
Learn about potential energy. Potential energy is any sort of stored energy in a system. If water is at a higher elevation, for example, it has potential energy. When it flows downhill, the potential energy turns into motion or kinetic energy. Hydroelectric energy - energy that uses water as its source - harnesses that kinetic energy.
Learn to recognize bad water science. Water is at a low energy state - it can't be burned like wood or coal to produce energy. There are things that react violently with water such as elemental sodium, but water itself cannot be turned into energy. The best one can do is use moving water as a source of potential energy.
Find a source of water energy. A stream, a rain gutter or anywhere else water flows freely can be used. Although a huge amount of potential energy is available in the ocean tides, it requires a lot of heavy equipment to mount turbines in the ocean, so this method is not recommended for hobbyists.
Get some type of propeller, paddle wheel or turbine. Anything that turns on an axle as water moves past it will work to generate electricity with water.
Attach your propeller, turbine a paddle wheel to a small electric generator. Your generator needs to be small so that it can be driven by the energy in a small stream or drain pipe. See the link in Resources for more information on how to make an electric generator.
Mount the propeller in the water source without getting the generator wet. Attach the generator to a lightbulb, or whatever else you want to power.
The third way we can create hydroelectricity is by harnessing the power of waves. Large flotation devices can be placed in an area noted for regular wave action. These flotation devices are attached to a crankshaft underneath the water's surface. As the flotation devices move up and down, they cause the crankshaft to spin. This crankshaft is attached to a generator which produces electricity. Although there are many inventions which also use the power of waves, this method tends to be the most popular.
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